by nyfiken
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H-1B Genius Visa. In USA many Phd Candidates are foreign born. Like many Phd students . Most of them one day will go back to China or India and better country.
The H-1B is a non-immigrant visa in the United States under the Immigration and Nationality Act, section 101(a)(15)(H). It allows US employers to temporarily employ foreign workers in specialty occupations. If a foreign worker in H-1B status quits or is dismissed from the sponsoring employer, the worker must either apply for and be granted a change of status to another non-immigrant status, find another employer (subject to application for adjustment of status and/or change of visa), or leave the US.
The regulations define a "specialty occupation" as requiring theoretical and practical application of a body of highly specialized knowledge in a field of human endeavor including but not limited to biotechnology, chemistry, architecture, engineering, mathematics, physical sciences, social sciences, medicine and health, education, law, accounting, business specialties, theology, and the arts, and requiring the attainment of a bachelor’s degree or its equivalent as a minimum(with the exception of fashion models, who must be "of distinguished merit and ability").Likewise, the foreign worker must possess at least a bachelor’s degree or its equivalent and state licensure, if required to practice in that field. H-1B work-authorization is strictly limited to employment by the sponsoring employer.

Top H-1B rankings
Companies receiving H-1Bs
Rank Company Headquarters Primary Employment Base Received

2006Approved .2009Approved , 2011 total Approved, 2011 new
1 Infosys Bangalore, Karnataka, India India 4, 908, 440, 4,042, 3,962
2 Wipro Bangalore, Karnataka, India India 4,002 1,964, 2, 817, 2,736
3 Microsoft Redmond, Washington US 3,117 , 1,318 1,586 947
4 Tata Consultancy Services Mumbai, Maharashtra, India India 3,047,zero, 1,758,1,740
5 Mahindra Satyam Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India India 2,880,219
6 Cognizant Teaneck, New Jersey India 2,226,2335,7154,222
7 Patni Computer Systems Mumbai, Maharashtra, India ,India1,391,609
8 IBM (India, Private Ltd.) Armonk, New York US1,1306951, 063853
9 Oracle Corporation Redwood Shores, California US1,022,272
10 Larsen & Toubro InfotechMumbai, Maharashtra, India,India947, 602, 1,608, 1,204
11 Intel CorporationSanta Clara, California US 828, 723
12 Ernst & Young LLPLondon, United Kingdom UK 774, 481
13 UST GlobalAliso Viejo, California India 344
14 DeloitteNew York City, New York US 890, 328
15 QualcommSan Diego, California US 533, 320
16 Accenture IncBahamas, Bahamas India 6371,3701, 347
17 HCL Technologies LtdNoida, Uttar Pradesh, India India 910, 1,370, 1,033
18 Google Mountain View, California US 328, 0, 615, 383

Top 10 universities and schools receiving H-1Bs
SchoolH-1Bs Received 2006
New York City Public Schools642
University of Michigan 437
University of Illinois at Chicago434
University of Pennsylvania 432
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine432
University of Maryland 404
Columbia University 355
Yale University 316
Harvard University 308
Stanford University 279
Washington University in St. Louis278
University of Pittsburgh 275

USA industry depend much on foreign brains who may have high education with high motivation with H-1B visa. ALthough those indians and chinese will return to their own country with better salary and condition with their own love to motherland. So of course they bring best highest technology that they achieved.SO now in CHina, if you go to the hospital, I saw the very modern hightech system and patients if they only pay for it, they can have any better treatment than that in USA.

NWhen I visited an University town in NY state, the Beijing university graduate student told me, according to her, "I am so surprised to see many chinese students in U.S.A . Like my class, half of classmates are from China and even my prof. is chinese.I do not feel like in U.S.A now."

Average China will not have this result of course. SHanghai is the special city in China.One child system seemed to work, but in fact I met many who have brothers and sisters from country side in CHina. The rule is rule, but not to all. Always there are exceptions in that country, that is a good thing in China.We can not believe what we are told in good way and bad way.
by nyfiken | 2013-12-11 03:39

We learn from challengers spirit especially those who made our new Japan after shogun era at the very beginning of Meiji era 1868 in the midst of changing our country.

by nyfiken | 2013-12-11 03:35
The top result country Korea. While Japan had relaxed studying method at school, korea chosed the opposite way, let student study more and harder generally.

by nyfiken | 2013-12-11 03:29
Maths question (top difficulty level)数学の質問*トップレベル

Helen's got a new bike. It has a speedometer which sits on the handlebar, which tells her the distance she travels and her average speed for the trip.

Helen rode her bike from home to the river, which is 4km away. It took her 9 minutes. She rode home using a shorter route of 3km. This only took her 6 minutes.

What was Helen's average speed in km per hour for the trip to the river and back?
by nyfiken | 2013-12-11 00:52

by nyfiken | 2013-12-11 00:30
The latest international survey shows East Asian students are the best by far in every category. France and the UK are struggling to keep their heads above water. So what makes a good school? How do you prepare students to compete in today's competitive world?

he latest international survey shows East Asian students are the best by far in every category. France and the UK are struggling to keep their heads above water. So what makes a good school? How do you prepare students to compete in today's competitive world?
Our guests on the show: Adrienne COVINGTON, Head of Middle School for the American Section at the Lycée International de St Germain en Laye, Michael DAVIDSON, Head of the division responsible for early childhood education and schools in the Directorate for Education of the OECD, Jiajia WANG, Professor of Chinese Art at Sciences Po Le Havre, Anne Elisabeth MOUTET, Columnist, The Sunday Telegraph, Jeff HUGHES, Secondary School teacher (from London).
by nyfiken | 2013-12-11 00:12

When I was a kid(many many years ago(, I listened to the radio in Japan about Singapore. That time, they mentioned about the goverment support to educated womens having babies. I was certainly surprised. Singapore is a kind of idealistic @China@ since then.NOw shanghai want to ahieve what singapore has done for decates. I think they can do it.

I have visited Singapore more than 5 times. Singapore is the united of 3 different folks. Chinese han, malay and indian.Small but smart. Efficient and practical.Let us see how educational system in Sigapore.

by nyfiken | 2013-12-11 00:00


Urgent Debate - OECD PISA Survey 2013




(Original resourse from)

How accurate is the Pisa test?
By Ruth Alexander
BBC News

The Pisa league table which ranks test results of students from 65 countries is taken very seriously by policymakers and the media, who celebrate a good performance and bemoan a poor one. But how accurate is it?

Every three years results are published of tests taken by about half a million 15-year-old school children from around the world in maths, reading, science and problem-solving.

The OECD, which runs Pisa, the Programme for International Assessment, publishes a report analysing the performance of the different countries.

This year the five top-performers are all in Asia: Shanghai is at the top of the class (China is not assessed on a country-wide basis), followed by Singapore, Hong Kong; Taiwan, and South Korea.

Other consistently strong performers are Finland and Switzerland.

Countries like the US and the UK are middling - yet again. And Peru languishes at the bottom of the league, with the likes of Indonesia, Brazil and Tunisia not far behind.

Tunisia, by the way, is the only African country that takes part.

But how does the test work?

About 4,000 children in each of the 65 countries are subjected to the test, which lasts for two hours.

But only a small number of pupils in each school answer the same set of questions.

The reason for this is that Pisa wants to measure a comprehensive set of skills and abilities, so it draws up more questions than a single child could answer (about four-and-a-half hours' worth) and distributes them between different exam papers.

Pisa then uses a statistical model, called the Rasch model, to estimate each student's latent ability. They also extrapolate from each student's answers how they would have fared if they had answered all the other questions, had they been given them.

Continue reading the main story

Start Quote

I'm not actually able to find two questions in Pisa's test that function in exactly the same way in different countries”

Svend Kreiner
University of Copenhagen
David Spiegelhalter, professor of the public understanding of risk at Cambridge University, says this practice raises its own questions.

"They are predicted conditional on knowing the difficulties of the questions - as if these are fixed constants," he says.

But he thinks there is actually "considerable uncertainty" about this.

Furthermore, a question that is easy for children brought up in one culture may not be as easy for those brought up in another, Spiegelhalter says. "Assuming the difficulty is the same for all students around the whole world" is a mistake, he argues.

So when you see the league table of countries, the first thing to understand is that each country has been ranked according to an estimate of national performance.

Maths scores
Spiegelhalter is not the only academic to find fault with the Pisa tests.

"I don't think it's reliable at all," says Svend Kreiner, a statistician from the University of Copenhagen in Denmark.

Continue reading the main story
Rank envy

The impact of Pisa as an international phenomenon could be directly linked to its bold willingness to rank countries.

These league tables emerged about the same time as universities first experienced being listed like football clubs. It was an unfamiliar approach, but ranking has spread like ivy over ancient institutions.

Everyone stands back and says it's a terrible over-simplification - and then starts planning ways to get higher.

Pisa tests: What do we know now?
He has been looking at the reading test, in particular, and he too casts doubt on the idea that a question in Danish for a Danish child is always as hard as a question in Chinese for a Chinese child. Language differences and cultural differences, he says, can both influence the difficulty level.

"I'm not actually able to find two questions in Pisa's test that function in exactly the same way in different countries," Kreiner says.

When Svend Kreiner first made these criticisms in 2011, the OECD's deputy director for education, Andreas Schleicher, defended the Pisa tests to the BBC.

He argued that although it is possible to find a task in which Denmark does significantly better than England and another task that Denmark does worse than England the tests were still a valid way to compare performance.

"The model is always an approximation of reality," he said.

Continue reading the main story
More or Less: Behind the stats

Listen to More or Less on BBC Radio 4 and the World Service, or download the free podcast

Download the More or Less podcast
More stories from More or Less
"The question is does the model fit the reality such that there is no distortion of the results."

He does say that people shouldn't pay too much attention to the precise country rankings, because of the margin of error in the calculations. He would not attach too much importance to whether a country was ranked 27th or 28th, he says.

But for David Spiegelhalter this does not go far enough.

"Pisa does present the uncertainty in the scores and ranks - for example the UK rank in the 65 countries is said to be between 23 and 31," he writes in a recent blog post.

"But I believe that the imputation of plausible values, based on an over-simplistic model and assuming the 'difficulties' are fixed, known quantities, will underestimate, to an unknown extent, the appropriate uncertainty in the scores and rankings."

Continue reading the main story
The answer is...

28km per hour
Almost a third of 15-year-olds in Shanghai did well on questions of this difficulty level, followed by 20% in Singapore
The average - found in countries such as France, Austria and the UK - was 3%
It's unwise for countries to base education policy on their Pisa results, he says, as Germany, Norway and Denmark did after doing badly in 2001. This is to underestimate the "random error associated with the Pisa rankings", in his view.

And when changes in education policy are followed by a higher Pisa ranking, he cautions against inferring a causal connection.

"While, with hindsight, any pundit can construct a reason why a football team lost a match, it's not so easy to say what will make them win the next one," he writes in the blog post.

Another fundamental question is how to weigh educational attainment against well-being.

South Korea might have come near the top of the educational rankings, but they come bottom in the rankings of happiness at school, Spiegelhalter notes - and Finland is only just above Korea.

By contrast, he points out that the UK fares "rather well" on these three questions:

"I am happy at school"
"I am satisfied with my school"
"I enjoy getting good grades"

Spiegelhalter does think there is merit to examining children around the world.

Broad lessons can be learned, he says, it's just that at present too much attention is often paid to the precise numbers.

Additional reporting by Charlotte McDonald and Hannah Barnes

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by nyfiken | 2013-12-10 23:30
Bill Gates start giving money to fix america+s education.

by nyfiken | 2013-12-10 23:00
















by nyfiken | 2013-12-10 21:45